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Alabama's Indian Peoples:
Their Towns and Traditions

Braund, Kathryn E. Holland. Deerskins and Duffels: Creek Indian Trade with Anglo America, 1685-1815. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1993.

This book explores the world of the eighteenth-century Creek Indians. The first chapter provides a concise and up-to-date summary of the social and political organization of the Creeks, including a discussion of town life, the economy, and kinship. Other chapters explore trade between the Creeks and British colonial America and the United States, specifically the exchange of native deerskins for European cloth and guns. Illustrated and includes maps. Available in paperback.

Winn, William W. The Old Beloved Path: Daily Life Among the Indians of the Chattahoochee River Valley. Eufaula, Ala.: Historic Chattahoochee Commission, 1992.

This book covers Indians of the Chattahoochee River Valley from the early Prehistoric Period through the Historic period. Topics discussed include town life, the use of plants and animals by the Indians, and social customs. Though specifically related to the Chattahoochee River region, the information is applicable to the native peoples of other regions in Alabama. Available in paperback.

Cotterill, R. S. The Southern Indians: The Story of the Civilized Tribes Before Removal. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press: 1954. Other editions/reprints: 1963, 1971.

Though dated, this book traces the history of all the southeastern Indian tribes (including the Creeks, Chickasaws, Choctaws, and Cherokees) through 1832. Available in paperback.

Axtell, James. The Indians' New South: Cultural Change in the Colonial Southeast. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1997.

This slim volume summarizes the latest scholarship on the impact of the contact between Native Americans and European explorers and settlers in the sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries. Topics covered include the impact of Hernando de Soto and the eighteenth-century deerskin trade.