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Born in Pennsylvania, educated at West Point, a professional soldier, served in Mexican War.
In l853 married daughter of Alabama governor and congressman.
In l86l resigned from army and joined Confederacy because of Southern sympathies, Southern friends, and Southern wife.
Chief of Confederate Ordnance Bureau, which supplied arms and ammunition for Confederate war effort. Called ablest administrator of Confederacy. After l862 Confederates had arms and ammunition even if they lacked food, medicine, shoes, or clothes.
Gorgas forced industrialization upon South by: