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Alabama Women and the Progressive Movement

bullet Rogers, William Warren, Robert David Ward, Leah Rawls Atkins, and Wayne Flynt. Alabama: The History of a Deep South State. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1994.

The chapter on "Women in Alabama from 1865 to 1920" provides a sweeping overview of the activities and contributions of Alabama women from the Civil War through the Progressive period.

bullet Scott, Ann Firor. The Southern Lady from Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970.

Although Scott's book is not focused on Alabama or just the Progressive period, it is one of the pioneering works on southern women and includes information on Alabama. Short and readable.

bullet Thomas, Mary Martha. The New Woman in Alabama: Social Reforms and Suffrage, 1890-1920. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1992.

Thomas' study provides a more detailed examination of women involved in reform activities in Alabama during the Progressive period as well as information on individual leaders in suffrage, child labor, temperance, etc. She includes chapters on the temperance movement, women's clubs for black and white women, and extended coverage of the drive for suffrage. Bibliography of primary and secondary material.

bullet Thomas, Mary Martha, ed. Stepping Out of the Shadows: Alabama Women, 1819-1990. Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama Press, 1995.

See, especially, Thomas, "White and Black Alabama Women during the Progressive Era, 1890-1920," pp. 75-95, and Adele Logan Alexander, "Adella Hunt Logan and the Tuskegee Woman's Club: Building a Foundation for Suffrage," pp. 96-113.

bullet Wheeler, Marjorie Spruill. New Women of the New South: The Leaders of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the Southern States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Wheeler includes information on Alabama's suffrage leader, Pattie Ruffner Jacobs, and discussion of "the Negro problem" which complicated the southern suffrage movement.