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|| Alabama's Involvement in the Civil War |
|| Bibliography | Time Line I | Time Line II | Montgomery | Mobile | Wilson's Raid | Josiah Gorgas
| Jefferson Davis | Emma Sansom | Name Game | Primary Source I | Primary Source II
Alabama's Involvement in the Civil War: A Quick Summary
Dr. Leah Rawls Atkins, Auburn University (retired)
The first capital of the Confederate States of America was Montgomery, which served as the capital from February 4 to May 21, 1861.
"The Stars and Bars," First National Confederate flag designed by Nicola Marschall, a Judson College professor. [This is not the better-known Confederate Battle Flag.]
Heroes and Heroines:
Supplies, cannons, ammunition: Gen. Josiah Gorgas of Pennsylvania (but married to Amelia Gayle, the daughter of Alabama Governor John Gayle) supported the South and became chief of ordnance for the Confederacy. Purchased some arms and munitions in Europe. Manufactured others at Selma. At the end of the war 10,000 people were employed in war industries at Selma. These industries were supplied by iron from north Alabama iron furnaces.
Food: Alabama supplied corn and pork to the soldiers. By the end of the war food was scarce in Alabama and many people in the hill country were starving.
First submarine built in Mobile: The first two submarines sank; the third one was named the Hunley. Mobile Bay was too shallow for it to be used. It was taken to Charleston Harbor and on Feb. 17, 1864, the Hunley sank a warship, but never returned to port and was presumed to have sunk itself returning to shore.