| Home | Contents || Alabama's Involvement in the Civil War |
[ADAH Logo]Alabama Moments in American HistoryUS/Ala flag
| Bibliography | Time Line I | Time Line II | Montgomery | Mobile | Wilson's Raid | Josiah Gorgas
| Jefferson Davis | Emma Sansom | Name Game | Primary Source I | Primary Source II

Alabama's Involvement in the Civil War: A Quick Summary
Dr. Leah Rawls Atkins, Auburn University (retired)

Correlates to Alabama Course of Study: Social Studies 10th Grade Content Standard10, p. 73
Correlates to Graduation Exam Eligible Content Standard IV, Objective 1

bullet The first capital of the Confederate States of America was Montgomery, which served as the capital from February 4 to May 21, 1861.

bullet "The Stars and Bars," First National Confederate flag designed by Nicola Marschall, a Judson College professor. [This is not the better-known Confederate Battle Flag.]

bullet Soldiers:

bulletMilitary Leaders:

bullet Heroes and Heroines:

bullet Supplies, cannons, ammunition: Gen. Josiah Gorgas of Pennsylvania (but married to Amelia Gayle, the daughter of Alabama Governor John Gayle) supported the South and became chief of ordnance for the Confederacy. Purchased some arms and munitions in Europe. Manufactured others at Selma. At the end of the war 10,000 people were employed in war industries at Selma. These industries were supplied by iron from north Alabama iron furnaces.

bullet Food: Alabama supplied corn and pork to the soldiers. By the end of the war food was scarce in Alabama and many people in the hill country were starving.

bullet First submarine built in Mobile: The first two submarines sank; the third one was named the Hunley. Mobile Bay was too shallow for it to be used. It was taken to Charleston Harbor and on Feb. 17, 1864, the Hunley sank a warship, but never returned to port and was presumed to have sunk itself returning to shore.